Some of his opinions differ from those of Abu Hanifah, probably on the basis of His most famous work is Kitab al-kharaj, a treatise on taxation and fiscal. Kitab al-Kharaj of Aba Yflsuf. The French led Abu. Yusuf to compose a book on taxation at this time. graphs dealing with Abu Yusuf's attitude to "the rules of". Find Abu Yusuf's Kitab al-kharaj (Taxation in Islam) by Abu Yusuf Yaqub -


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He is portrayed as an incredibly studious individual who was unceasing in his pursuit for knowledge and legal understanding. Abu Yusuf lived in Kufa until he was appointed Qadi in Baghdad.

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According to one story, Abu Yusuf was able to provide sound advice pertaining to religious law to a government official who rewarded him generously and recommended him to the caliph, Harun al-Rashid.

While this version of events is probable, it is not necessarily authentic and cannot be independently verified. What is known is that Abu Yusuf became a close acquaintance of Abbasid caliph, Harun al-Rashidwho eventually granted him the title of Grand Qadi abu yusuf kitab al kharaj, or Qadi 'l-qudat; the first time such a title had been conferred upon someone in Islamic history.

This made the position of Grand Qadi analogous to a modern-day chief justice. While the caliph took some suggestions and ignored others, the overall effect was to limit the ruler's discretion over the tax system.

The Kitab al-Athar is a collection of Kufian traditions ahadith which he narrated.

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Their abu yusuf kitab al kharaj anxiety seemed to be democracy, even though it might lead to confusion and disintegration. With the Sunnites, democracy and the stability of the State were equally important considerations. As we have already quoted al-Dhahabi, according to Abu Hanifah, oppression and illegitimate use of public money in a ruler rendered his title to Caliphate void.

Not only that, he even did not allow the tokens of goodwill and presents received from foreign States to be made the personal property of the Caliph.

These things were also deposited abu yusuf kitab al kharaj the treasure, not with the Caliph or his family, for the obvious reason that had he not been the head of State and thereby become conspicuous in the international world, none would have sent him those presents.

Abu Yusuf's Kitab al-Kharaj (Book, ) []

This was one of the main reasons why he himself accepted no gifts from the Caliphs. Separation of the Judiciary from the Executive His views on the position of the judiciary vis-a-vis the executive were unequivocal.

If justice was to be ensured, he said, the judiciary must be independent of the executive. Not only that, the judge must also be able to enforce his decree against the Caliph if the latter encroached upon the rights abu yusuf kitab al kharaj people.

Towards the close of his life when he was sure that the Government would not let him live any more, he gathered his disciples and addressed himself to them.

Abu Yusuf - Oxford Islamic Studies Online

There was no chance of making the Caliph submit to the rule of law. On the other hand, he feared that he would be made an instrument abu yusuf kitab al kharaj injustice and asked to give wrong decisions, and that not only the caliph himself but also those attached to the palace would interfere with his work.


Ibn Hubairah wanted to enlist the support of influential men of learning and use them to the advantage of the Umayyad cause. No order will be enforced here until you put the seal on it, and no money will be drawn from the treasury without your sanction.

Abu Yusuf's Kitab al-Kharaj

Yazid put him in prison and threatened him with whipping. Then the other learned men came round Abu Hanifah and requested him to take compassion on himself. But we have accepted under duress, so should you.

  • Abu Yusuf's Kitab al-kharaj (Taxation in Islam) by Abu Yusuf Yaqub -
  • Abu Yusuf - Wikipedia
  • Holdings : Abu Yusuf's Kitab al-kharaj / | York University Libraries
  • Chapter 34: Abu Hanifah and Abu Yusuf
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Had he asked me to count the gates of the mosque of Wasit, I would not have done it for his sake. Then how can I agree that he should write the death warrant of an innocent person and I should put the seal on that order?

By God, I will accept no share of his responsibility. At last, he decided to appoint him the Chief Judge of Kufah and swore that if Abu Hanifah declined abu yusuf kitab al kharaj appointment he would have him flogged.

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