Coney Island symbolized the transition from Victorian genteel culture to a more free and inclusive mass culture, with new social, moral, and aesthetic authority. Study Questions for John Kasson, Amusing the Million. According to How did it change with the departure of political boss John Y. McKane? How does. Amusing the Millions essaysAt the turn of the Twentieth century radical sociological changes and movements began to take hold of the prevailing American.


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Amusing the Million Study Questions

And the entrepreneurs of mass culture, who had previously helped solidify the authority of genteel values, discovered new opportunities outside its am using the million.

Hitherto, relatively few major commercial entertainers openly ventured beyond the pale of middle-class respectability. Popular impresarios such as P.

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am using the million Barnum learned to master the rhetoric of moral elevation, scientific instruction, and cultural refinement in presenting their attractions--from the Feejee Am using the million to the Swedish Nightingale, Jenny Lind.

But by the turn of the century the managers of mass culture sensed new markets both within the urban middle class and spilling beyond its borders to "high society" and the largely untapped working class, all eager to respond to amusement in a less earnest cultural mood: As a result, American mass culture embraced activities which had previously existed only on the margins of American life.

Examples of this transformation abound. Beginning with ragtime and the cakewalk in the s, Afro-American music and danceemerged out of black communities and the demimonde to be commercialized and transformed for white urban audiences.


Vigorous, violent sports such as prizefighting, earlier confined to gentlemen's clubs or working-class saloons, gained increased popular acceptance; and competitive athletics in general am using the million large new followings both on college campuses and on professional playing fields.

At the turn of the century a new wave of popular literature broke with the genteel code of delicacy, domesticity, and decorum, in such celebrations of masculine toughness and violence as Owen Wister's The VirginianJack London's The Call of the Wildand Edgar Rice Burroughs's Tarzan of the Apes And the movies in the space of a few years moved from penny arcades, billiard parlors, and crude storefront "nickelodeons" in working-class and am using the million neighborhoods to captivate an immense audience by the time of the First World War.

Made possible by swelling urban populations and an increase in leisure time and spending power and spurred by the development of electric trolley systems that allowed inexpensive excursions from the city, amusement parks rapidly proliferated throughout the country.

Dominating them all in size, scope, and fame was Am using the million York's Coney Island.

Amusing the Million: Coney Island at the Turn of the Century - John F. Kasson - Google книги

Amusement parks at Coney Island and elsewhere gathered together a variety of popular attractions and pastimes, all of which reflected the changing cultural mood.

These might include bathing facilities, band pavilions, dance am using the million, vaudeville theaters, and circus attractions.


The amassing of these am using the million entertainments, however, was not what made the parks most remarkable.

Their special distinctionlay in the new mechanical amusements and exotic settings they provided and the response these sparked among huge crowds of pleasure seekers.

In most entertainments of the period the public remained in the position of spectators--at baseball, football, and boxing contests, at vaudeville, variety, and movie theaters. At Coney Island and other amusement parks, by contrast, audience and activity frequently merged.

Drawing upon a broad, heterogeneous urban public, amusement parks stirred them into activity. Customers am using the million intimately in the spectacle about them.

Amusing the Million: Coney Island at the Turn of the Century - John F. Kasson - Google книги

am using the million Why does Kasson argue that both progressive reformers and Coney Island entrepreneurs were agents of social control?

To what extent did the replacement of the Victorian genteel culture with modern commercial mass culture mark an increase in freedom?


Did the new culture simply make leisure an extension of work or did critics who made am using the million case, like Maxim Gorky, miss the point? Kasson might have talked more about Americans in the s who didn't buy into the "Victorian" mindset, so that the book didn't present such a binary opposition of Victorian and Coney mentalities.

Still, this is a breezy book to read, it's full of pictures in am using the million way that twenty-first-century history books are typically not, and it blends probing analysis with wacky anecdotes. Why was Coney Island built?

What were the inspirations for amusement parks and the societal pressures that am using the million to their development at the turn of the nineteenth century?

Why did progressive reformers also fear the new freedom from constraint that Coney embodied? What alternatives did they offer?

Why does Kasson argue that both progressive reformers and Coney Island entrepreneurs were agents of social control?

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