Early in the Stone Age, humans lived in small, nomadic groups. During much of this period, the Earth was in an Ice Age—a period of colder. Have you ever wondered what life was like when the earliest humans lived? This time period is what scholars call the Stone Age, a period characterized by the. The Stone Age, whose origin coincides with the discovery of the oldest Modern evidence suggests that the earliest protohuman forms had.


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Early Stone Age

It is approximately early stone age with the Pleistocene geologic epoch, beginning about early stone age million years ago and ending in various places between 40, and 10, years ago, when it was succeeded by the Mesolithic period.

By far the most outstanding feature of the Paleolithic period was the evolution of the human species from an apelike creature, or near human, to true Homo sapiens. This development was exceedingly slow and continued through the three successive divisions of the period, the Lower, Middle, and Upper Paleolithic.

The most abundant remains of Paleolithic cultures are a variety of stone tools whose distinct characteristics provide the basis for a system of classification containing several tool making traditions or industries.

The Lower Paleolithic Period The oldest recognizable tools made by members of the family of man are simple stone choppers, such as those discovered at Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania. These tools may have been made over 1 million years ago by Australopithecus, ancestor of modern man.

Fractured stones called eoliths have been considered the earliest tools, but it is impossible to distinguish man-made from naturally produced modifications in such stones.


Lower Paleolithic stone industries of the early species of humans called Homo erectus include the Choukoutienian of China and the Clactonian, Chellean-Abbevillian, Acheulian and Levalloisian represented at various sites in Europe, Africa, early stone age Asia, fromtoyears ago.

Stone tools of this period are of the core type, made by chipping the stone to form a cutting edge, or of the flake type, fashioned from fragments early stone age off a stone.

Stone Age - Wikipedia

Hand axes were the typical tool of these early hunters and food-gatherers. The Middle Paleolithic Period The Middle Paleolithic period includes the Mousterian culture, often associated with Neanderthal man, an early form of man, living between 40, andyears ago.

Early stone age remains are often found in caves with evidence of the use of fire. Neanderthals were hunters of prehistoric mammals, and their cultural remains, though unearthed chiefly in Europe, have been found also in N Africa, Palestine, and Siberia.

Stone tools of this period are of the flake early stone age, and bone implements, such as needles, indicate that crudely sewn furs and skins were used as body coverings.

Since the dead were painted before burial, a kind of primitive religion may have been practiced. This description of the Maglemosian must suffice to represent a considerable variety of European manifestations of the level of intensified post-Pleistocene food collecting.

The catalogs of the Azilian and Tardenoisian early stone age of western Europe, of the Ahrensburgian of northern Germany, of the Asturian of Spain, early stone age.


The Nachikufan As early stone age further and far-distant example, the Nachikufan culture of southern Zimbabwe early stone age be cited. Here again, microlithic flint bladelet tools, with certain types mounted as projectile points or in composite tools, existed.

Ground-stone axes and adzes, bored stones digging-stick weights? Grindstones of various types indicate a degree of dependence on collected vegetable foods, and the animal bones suggest specialization in the hunting of zebras, wildebeests, hartebeests, and wild pigs.

These Nachikufan materials date back to early stone age least bce. Again, an intensified level of food collecting is implied. The general picture Though there are vast gaps in our knowledge of the Holocene Period in many parts of the Old World, enough is known to see the general cultural level of this range of time.

Outside of the regions where food production was establishing itself, the period was one of a gradual settling-in early stone age of an increasingly intensive utilization of all the resources of restricted regional niches.

Early Stone Age Tools | The Smithsonian Institution's Human Origins Program

But, as time went on, certain climaxes within the matrix of an intensified level of food collection did occur. An often-cited example might be the complex art and social organization of early stone age cultures of the northwest coast of British Columbia.

Neolithic The origins and history of European Neolithic culture are closely connected with the postglacial climate and forest development. The increasing temperature after the late Early stone age period during the Pre-Boreal and the Boreal c.

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Thus, the Mediterranean zone became the centre of the first cultural modifications leading from the last hunters and food gatherers to the earliest farmers. This was established by some important early stone age in the midth century in the Middle Eastwhich unearthed the first stages of early agriculture and stock breeding 7th and 6th millennia bce with wheat, barley, dogs, sheep, and goats.

Early prepottery Neolithic finds probably 6th millennium bce have been made in the Argissa Magula near Larissa Thessaly, Greecewhile excavations in Lepenski Vir Early stone age Peninsula have brought to light some sculptures of the same period.

The independent origin of European Neolithic was established, and it was thought highly probable that the cradle of farming in the Middle East had not been the only one: Each zone itself is subdivided into natural early stone age by physiographic boundaries and peculiarities of climate or soil.

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