ECO SENSITIVE AREA IN INDIA EBOOK

NEW DELHI: Altogether 29 Eco Sensitive Zones (ESZ) spread across 10 states in the country have been notified till now for having. Section 3 of the Environment (Protection) Act (EPA) gives power to the Central Government i.e. the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests to take all. ( KB); S.O(E), [03/06/] - Khaparwas Wildlife Sanctuary as Eco- Sensitive Zone, Draft Notification for objections or suggestions. [PDF] (


ECO SENSITIVE AREA IN INDIA EBOOK

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ECO SENSITIVE AREA IN INDIA EBOOK

All these may be grouped as a abiotic attributes, b biotic attributes and c anthropological or socio-cultural attributes.

Eco-sensitive Zone | Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change Government of India

The demarcation of an ESA shall consider the following components of biological and cultural uniqueness and richness. Richness in diversity for all taxonomic groups and hierarchies.

Rarity in terms of population size, extent of geographical distribution, and also rarity in taxonomic representation in terms of paucity of closely related taxa. Spatial heterogeneity of landscape elements. The Centre has since decided to accept recommendations from each state government.

ECO SENSITIVE AREA IN INDIA EBOOK

An ecologically sensitive area is one that is protected by the government given the sheer number of species, plants and animals endemic to the region. According to the Environment Protection Act,the government can prohibit industrial operations such as mining, sand quarrying and building thermal power plants in sensitive areas.

  • Eco-Sensitive Zones (ESZs) | Conservation India
  • ESZ Notifications | Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change Government of India
  • 29 Eco Sensitive Zones notified in country: Government - The Economic Times
  • Western Ghats as eco-sensitive zones: All about the Centre-state tussle you need to know
  • 29 Eco Sensitive Zones notified in country: Government
  • ESZ Notifications

The definition offered by the MoEF: To categorise an area as ecologically sensitive, the government looks at topography, climate and rainfall, land use and land cover, roads and settlements, human population, biodiversity corridors and data of plants and animal species.

The government-appointed committee had said that the natural landscape of the Ghats constitutes only 41 per cent, or which 90 percent or 60, square eco sensitive area in india were identified as ecologically sensitive.

However, Section 3 2 v of the Act, says that Central Government can restrict areas in which any industries, operations or processes or class of industries, operations or processes shall not be carried out or shall be carried out subject to eco sensitive area in india safeguards.

ECO SENSITIVE AREA IN INDIA EBOOK

Besides Rule 5 1 of the Environment Protection Rules, [1] states that central government can prohibit or restrict the location of industries and carrying on certain operations or processes on the basis of considerations like the biological diversity of an area, maximum allowable limits of concentration of pollutants for an area, environmentally compatible land use, and proximity to protected areas.

The same criteria have been used by the government eco sensitive area in india declare No Development Zones.

A committee constituted by MoEF puts this together. The guidelines lay out the criteria based on which areas can be declared as ESZs.



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