Gangrenous Stomatitis. Synonyms.—Cancrum Oris; Noma; Water Cancer. Definition.—Gangrene of the cheek and gums, affecting delicate and sickly children. Noma. Cancrum oris. Gangrenous stomatitis. Necrotizing ulcerogingivostomatitis. Infective gangrene of the mouth. Water cancer. Sp: Estomatitis gangrenosa. Synonyms:—Cancrum oris; noma; stomatitis gangrenosa. Definition:—A grave affection of the cheeks and gums of children (rarely attacking adults), gangrenous.


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Typical findings include marked osseous demineralization, decreased cortical density, thinning of the cortices, increased trabecular pattern and gangrenous stomatitis fractures in long, weight supporting bones.


The lamina dura dentis disappears naturally with skeletal maturity and in the early in the course of MBD in young animals Fowler, Nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism is the excessive production of parathyroid hormone as a response to hypocalcemia, resulting gangrenous stomatitis calcium resorption from bone.

Under special dietary deficiencies, calcium resorption becomes detrimental to the integrity of the bone. The ultimate result is rickets in the young animal and osteomalacea gangrenous stomatitis the adult.


It presents as gangrenous stomatitis progressive nutritional disease characterized by hyper-phophatemia, hypocalcemia, increased alkaline phosphatase, soft tissue mineralization, impaired locomotion, and poor skeletal mineralization.

Radiographic findings include generalized areas of decreased bone gangrenous stomatitis in the axial and appendicular skeleton, and a wide variety of pathological fractures.

Gangrenous stomatitis (cancrum oris): clinical features, etiologic factors, and complications.

Gangrenous stomatitis might include thin bone cortices of the long bones, bony deformities caused by folding and stress fractures of long bones, and increased soft tissue swelling at areas of tendinous attachment, e.

Rickets is a failure of mineralization of osteoid gangrenous stomatitis cartilaginous bone matrix in young growing animals.

Osteomalacia is characterized by softening of bone and a decrease in bone density caused by insufficient mineralization of osteoid in the gangrenous stomatitis bone.

With improvements in hygiene and nutrition, noma has disappeared from industrialized countries since the 20th century, except during World War II when it was endemic to Auschwitz and Belsen concentration camps.

Reconstruction is usually very challenging and should be delayed until full recovery usually about gangrenous stomatitis year following initial intervention.

Measures to alleviate the inflammation and promote healing include increasing fluid intake and using artificial saliva to minimize dryness and help buffer acidity in the mouth, avoiding liquids and foods that are chemically irritating or extremely hot, and frequent and consistent mouth care.

Gangrenous stomatitis - ScienceDirect

With proper care, many cases of stomatitis can be prevented. Cleanliness is gangrenous stomatitis, especially of the mouth, teeth, dentures, and feeding utensils. Infants may acquire mouth infection from the gangrenous stomatitis oral flora, dirty bottles, or the mother's nipples.


In the case of a prolonged fever or of any severe general illness, dryness of the mouth should be avoided by ingestion of increased amounts of fluids. Called also chronic atrophic candidiasis and denture sore mouth.

Principal symptoms include gangrenous stomatitis, erosion, ulcers, gangrenous stomatitis, purpura, angioedema, burning, and itching.

Infective gangrenous stomatitis of the mouth. Definition Noma is an acute, rapidly progressive, gangrenous, ulcerative process beginning in the mouth and gangrenous stomatitis to the soft tissues of the lips, nose and cheek.

The underlying bones of the alveolar ridge of the mandible, the maxilla, palate, and occasionally the orbit may be exposed, but the soft tissue destruction is greater, often extending to the tonsils and area of the temporomandibular joint.

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