*FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Fitzgerald, Luis I. Historia de Panamá / Luis I. Fitzgerald N. -- Panamá: [Management Development Corporation]. La historia de Panamá ha sido ampliamente influenciada por la posición estratégica de este istmo estrecho que une América del Norte con América del Sur y. Biblioteca Digital Panameña. La Biblioteca Digital Panameña es una colección básica de obras en formato digital representativas de la vida y la cultura del país.


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The existence of the isthmus affected the dispersal of people, agriculture and historia de panama throughout the American continent from the appearance of the first hunters and collectors to the era of villages and cities.

Historia Panamy – Wikipedia, wolna encyklopedia

Later central Panama was home to historia de panama of the first pottery -making in the Americas, for example the cultures at Monagrillowhich date back to — BC. These historia de panama into significant populations best known through their spectacular burials dating to c.

The monumental monolithic sculptures at the Barriles Chiriqui site are also important traces of these ancient isthmian cultures. The largest group were the Cueva whose specific language affiliation is poorly documented.

Panamá: Historia de Panamá

The size of the indigenous population of the isthmus at the time of European colonization is uncertain. Estimates range as high as two million people, but more recent studies place that number closer toArchaeological finds and testimonials by early European explorers describe diverse native isthmian groups exhibiting cultural variety and suggesting people historia de panama clarification needed ] by regular regional routes of commerce.


Historia de panama Panama was colonized, the indigenous peoples fled into the forest and nearby islands. Scholars believe that infectious disease was the primary cause of the population decline of American natives.

The indigenous peoples had no acquired immunity to diseases which had been chronic in Eurasian populations for centuries. A year later, Christopher Columbus visited the isthmus, and established a short-lived settlement in the Darien.

Gold and silver historia de panama brought by ship from South America, hauled across the isthmus, and loaded aboard ships for Spain.

Historia Panamy

The route became known as historia de panama Camino Real, or Royal Road, although it was more commonly known as Camino de Cruces Road of Crosses because of the number of gravesites along the way.

Panama was under Spanish rule for almost years —and became part of the Viceroyalty of Perualong with historia de panama other Spanish possessions in South America. From the outset, Panamanian identity was based on a sense of "geographic destiny", and Panamanian fortunes fluctuated with the geopolitical importance of the isthmus.


The colonial experience spawned Panamanian nationalism and a racially complex and highly stratified society, the source of internal conflicts historia de panama ran counter to the unifying force of nationalism.

A Real Audiencia was a judicial district that functioned as an appeals court.

Panama - Wikipedia

Each audiencia had an oidor Spanish: Spanish historia de panama had little control over much of the territory of Panama. Large sections managed to resist conquest and missionization until very late in the colonial era.

Because of this, indigenous people of the area were often referred to as "indios de guerra" war Indians who resisted Spanish attempts to conquer them or missionize them. However, Panama was enormously important to Spain strategically because it was the easiest way to transship silver mined in Peru to Europe.

Silver cargoes were landed at Panama and then taken overland to Portobello or Nombre de Dios on the Caribbean side of the isthmus for further shipment. Because of incomplete Spanish historia de panama, the Panama route was historia de panama to attack from pirates mostly Dutch and Englishand from "new world" Africans called cimarrons who had freed themselves from enslavement and lived in communes or palenques around the Camino Real in Panama's Interior, and on some historia de panama the islands off Panama's Pacific coast.


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