The Contingency Leadership theory argues that there is no single way of leading and that every leadership style should be based on certain situations, which. century include: the Great Man theory, Trait theory, Process leadership theory, Style and Behavioral theory, Transformational, Transactional and Laissez Faire leadership theory. These styles include autocratic, democratic, bureaucratic, charismatic, laissez-faire, people or relations-oriented, task-oriented, servant, transactional, transformational, and adaptive leadership. No one leadership style is right for one person or one situation.


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Leadership Theories - In Chronological Order

This style is important when team agreement matters, but it can be difficult to leadership theories and styles when there are lots of different perspectives and ideas.

Laissez-faire leaders don't interfere; they allow people within the team to make many of the decisions. This works well when the team is highly capable, is motivated, and doesn't need close supervision. However, this behavior leadership theories and styles arise because the leader is lazy or distracted; and this is where this style of leadership can fail.

Clearly, how leaders behave affects their performance. This participatory style encourages good teamwork and creative collaboration. With task-oriented leadership, you focus on getting the job done. You define the work and the roles required, put structures in place, and plan, organize, and monitor work.


According to this model, the best style to use is one that has both a high concern for people and a high concern for the task — it argues that you should aim for both, rather than trying to offset one against the other. Clearly, this is an leadership theories and styles idea!

Leadership Styles

Path-Goal Theory You may also have to think about what your team leadership theories and styles want and need. This is where Path-Goal Theory — published in — is useful.

For example, highly-capable people, who are assigned to a complex task, will need a different leadership approach from people with low ability, who are assigned to an ambiguous task. The former will want a participative approach, while the latter need to be told what to do.

Core Leadership Theories

With Path-Goal Theory, you can identify the best leadership approach to use, based on your people's needs, the task that they're doing, and the environment that they're working in.

Furthermore, the belief was that great leaders will rise when confronted with the appropriate situation. Leadership theories and styles theory was popularized by Thomas Carlyle, a writer and teacher. Just like him, the Great Man theory was inspired by the study of influential heroes. InHerbert Spencer, an English philosopher disputed the great man theory by affirming that these heroes are simply the product of their times and their actions the results of social conditions.

Teachers have now become caught up in specific managerial roles and distributed leadership, relieving teachers of non-teaching tasks where possible would enable them to concentrate more on their teaching means less leadership and management in school systems.

The authors of this article suggest that the benefits of accepting effective leadership principles and styles in school management are immediate and real because effective leadership provides a number of key characteristics which have been proven to be of momentous worth: However, the methods can be defined to suit the circumstances of the particular school.

Conclusions More frequently, academic commentaries and books surface that blends theoretical, empirical, and practical ideas and knowledge relevant to understanding studies, methodologies and leadership theories and styles essential to educational leadership. These syntheses are only achieved with the reflective ability of the authors to link thematic issues across wider range and overlapping themes from which they start off and become known.

To this end, this article has discussed effective educational leadership in school management and a quality wake up call for a better model that has applicability to the Nigerian education contexts.

Leadership Theories

By examining the circumstances surrounding quality educational leadership in relation to school management, this article could conclude that success is certain if the application of the leadership styles, principles and methods is properly and fully applied in school management.

Quality educational leadership tradition offers great opportunity to further refine educational leadership and management policies and practices by accepting and utilizing the basic principles and leadership theories and styles.

The authors wish to propose that outstanding educational leadership principles and styles be adopted as a means of enhancing school management in Nigeria, given that at present things are not progressing after decades of schooling in Nigerian public school management.

Leadership theories and styles managers know that leadership requires a number of judgments each day that requires sensitivity and understanding of various leadership strategies. Thus, bridging the gap between theory and practice should be able to provide exploration of dominant leadership strategies to give school leaders a solid basis in theory and practical application.

School leaders are encouraged to discover the most appropriate leadership strategy, or a combination of strategies that will best enable their school achieve results. Effective educational leadership style in school management is relatively fast, easy and cost effective if applied appropriately.

The results of the effective educational leadership style applications are feasible for a number of purposes, which include improve administrative performance, team-building, and enhanced individual and school innovation in teaching and learning.

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