MENINGOCOCCAL INFECTION PDF

Meningococcal disease describes infections caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis (also termed meningococcus). It carries a high mortality rate if  ICD‎: ‎A Meningococcal disease is a severe infection caused by the meningococcus which may result in: meningitis (inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord) septicaemia (infection of the blood) joint infection. Patients with acute infection can present clinically with (1) meningitis, (2) meningitis with Child with severe meningococcal disease and purpura fulminans.


MENINGOCOCCAL INFECTION PDF

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MENINGOCOCCAL INFECTION PDF

Since safety and efficacy of conjugate vaccines in meningococcal infection older than 55 years of age have not been established to date, polysaccharide vaccines should be used for primary immunization in this group.

MENINGOCOCCAL INFECTION PDF

Laboratory personnel and medical staff are at risk of exposure to N. Hospital Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee HICPAC recommendations meningococcal infection immunization of health-care workers that routine vaccination of health-care personnel is recommended, Any individual 11—55 years of age who wishes to reduce their risk of meningococcal disease may receive meningitis A,C,Y and W vaccines and meningococcal infection older than 55 years of age.

MENINGOCOCCAL INFECTION PDF

Under certain circumstances if unvaccinated health-care personnel cannot get vaccinated and who have intensive contact with oropharyngeal secretions of infected patients and who do not use proper precautions meningococcal infection receive anti-infective prophylaxis against meningococcal infection i.

Only Saudi Arabia require that travelers to their country for the annual Hajj and Umrah pilgrimage have a certificate of vaccination against meningococcal disease issued not more than 3 years and not less than 10 days before arrival in Saudi Meningococcal infection.

The risk is low for most travellers.

Meningococcal | Signs and Symptoms | CDC

Travellers at higher risk meningococcal infection Anyone living or working meningococcal infection the local population e. Anyone travelling to crowded areas or taking part in large gatherings, such as the Hajj. How is it transmitted? Meningococcal disease is spread from close and prolonged contact with an infected person through saliva or secretions fluids from the nose and throat.

MENINGOCOCCAL INFECTION PDF

Diagnosis Diagnosis is made in a pathology laboratory from a sample of blood or cerebrospinal fluid CSF 2, by: Incubation period time meningococcal infection becoming infected and developing symptoms Usually 3 to 4 days, but can vary from 1 to 10 days. Infectious period time during which an infected person can infect meningococcal infection The person is infectious as long as the meningococcal bacteria are present in the nose and throat.

Meningococcal disease is caused by bacteria not by a virusmeningococcal infection transmitted via mucus. Meningococcal bacteria can live harmlessly in our throat and nose. In meningococcal infection, all of us will carry them at some stage in our lives.

There are many different strains of meningococcus — since the C-vaccine was introduced, the most common strains in Meningococcal infection is now B and W. If you think you or your child has any meningococcal infection these symptoms, call the doctor right away.

  • The Facts — Meningococcal Australia
  • Meningococcal disease - Wikipedia
  • Interactive Tools
  • Meningitis & septicaemia
  • Meningococcal disease

But the disease can progress quickly and can be fatal.



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