There seems to have been some confusion between this species and Saraca asoca in the literature. It is quite likely that some, or all of the uses mentioned here. Synonyms: Saraca bijuga, Saraca asoca (sensu auct., misapplied), Saraca pierreana, Saraca harmandiana, Saraca arborescens. Common Names: Sorrowless  Family Name‎: ‎Fabaceae (Leguminosae). Saraca indica (family Caesalpiniaceae) also known as Saraca asoca is one of the most ancient sacred plants widely distributed throughout the.


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Young leaves are soft, red and limp and remain pendent even after attaining full size. The saraca indica or scimitar shaped saraca indica, stiff, leathery, broad and about eight inches long, is red and fleshy before ripening Saraca Indica Medicinal Uses Ashoka has been traditionally used in Indian Ayurveda as a uterine tonic and has been indicated in menstrual irregularities ESP in DUB.

Saraca asoca

Ashoka happens to be a uterine stimulant and increases uterine contractions. Introduction In recent years, large numbers of saraca indica studies are conducted, which stabilised the therapeutic use of antioxidants in treatment of various diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, neurodegeneration, inflammation, and cancer [ 1 — 3 ].

Free radicals like hydroxyl, peroxyl, and superoxide radicals can be produced during normal metabolic function, are very transient and highly reactive, cause damage saraca indica the biomolecules, leading to adverse effects on human health, and cause severe diseases [ 45 ].

Several studies showed that elevated level of free radicals is associated with carcinogenesis [ 6 — 9 ]. ROS is a double edge sword while ROS generation is essential for cell survival, proliferation, and progression of cancer cells. In contrast increased level of ROS also induces the apoptosis and hence plays a crucial role in cancer chemotherapy [ 10 saraca indica 12 ].

Damage caused by free radicals can result in formation of single and double strand breaks of DNA and oxidation of purine and pyrimidine bases, leading to genome instability and subsequent carcinogenesis [ 13 — 15 ].

Therefore, protection saraca indica cell from oxidative damage by antioxidant supplements is very helpful in prevention and treatment of cancer [ 16 — 18 ]. Since ancient time, medicinal saraca indica were used as key therapeutic agents all over the globe, especially among the rural communities of developing countries due to the unavailability of an accessible and affordable primary health care system [ 1920 ].


A wide range of biological and pharmacological properties of medicinal plants manifest their therapeutic potential, for the treatment of various diseases saraca indica 21 — 23 ]. Saraca indica family Caesalpiniaceae also known as Saraca asoca is one of the most ancient sacred plants widely distributed throughout the Indian subcontinent [ 2425 ].

Various medicinal uses of Saraca indica had been reported in Charaka Samhita A. Different parts of the plant exhibit a number pharmacological effects like antihyperglycemic, antipyretic, antibacterial, anthelmintic, activity, and so forth, which are well described in literature [ 27 — 30 ].

A traditional drug Asoka Aristha used for the treatment of menorrhagia is originated from Saraca indica [ 31 ]. Secondary metabolites like flavonoids, terpenoid, lignin, phenolic compounds, tannins, and so forth are reported from Saraca indica stem bark extracts and found responsible for their therapeutic action [ 32 saraca indica 38 ].

Highly valued as well for its handsome appearance and the color and abundance saraca indica its flowersthe ashoka tree is often found in royal palace compounds and gardens as well as close to temples throughout India.

Saraca indica - Useful Tropical Plants

The ashoka saraca indica is closely associated with the yakshi mythological beings. One of the recurring elements in Indian artoften found at gates of Saraca indica and Hindu temples, is the sculpture of a yakshini with her foot on the trunk and her hands holding the branch of a flowering ashoka tree.

As an artistic element, often the tree and the saraca indica are subject to heavy stylization. Some authors hold that the young girl at the foot of this tree is based on an ancient tree deity related to fertility.


With the passing of the centuries the yakshi under the ashoka tree became a standard decorative element of Hindu Indian sculpture and was integrated into Indian temple architecture as salabhanjikabecause there is often a confusion between the ashoka tree and the sal tree Shorea robusta saraca indica the ancient literature of the Indian subcontinent.

Not counting a multitude of local traditions connected to it, the ashoka tree is worshipped in Chaitra[6] a month of the Hindu calendar. Other trees called 'ashoka tree'[ edit ] False ashoka A popular tree known as "false ashoka tree" or even as "ashoka tree", Polyalthia longifoliais cultivated to resemble the growth pattern of erect pillar-like Mediterranean cypress trees.

It saraca indica a popular park and garden plant, much used in landscaping on the Indian subcontinent, known also as Devadaar or Debdaru.


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